What Causes PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)?

PCOS, which is short for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, is a relatively common disorder that can greatly interfere with a woman’s fertility. The causes of PCOS are known entirely, but there are some things that research has been able to determine that do contribute to the risk of PCOS.

The symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome tend to appear gradually. These symptoms of PCOS can include:

– irregular or missing periods
– irregular ovulation, or anovulation
– vaginal bleeding
– loss of hair on the head, and growth of hair in other places
– oily skin and acne
– Infertility
– Repeated miscarriages
– Hyperinsulinemia, or too much insulin
– Weight gain in the upper body
– Sleep apnea or other sleeping problems
– Chronic pelvic pain
– High blood pressure.

As with many other health concerns, genetics may be an important factor in PCOS. Some research suggests that the female children of a woman with PCOS have somewhere around a 50% chance of developing PCOS themselves. Frequently, a woman who has PCOS will have a mother or a sister who also has PCOS.

Other studies suggest an important link between PCOS and a variety of hormonal changes. These can include: – Androgens. Androgens are hormones that can cause a variety of problems, such as hair appearing in odd places and acne, and it can also interfere with the process of ovulation. – Ovarian hormones. The hormones that trigger ovulation are an important part of a woman’s cycle. If these hormones are not at the correct levels, the ovaries will not relapse an egg each month and ovulation will not occur. – Insulin and blood sugar. Roughly 50% of the women who suffer from PCOS will have difficulty with the way that there body uses insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. Insulin resistance causes their blood sugar levels to grow to dangerous levels. IN some instances, this can even lead to diabetes.

PCOS cannot be cured, but it can be treated. Possible treatment options include birth control pills, diabetes medications such as Metformin (also called Glucophage), fertility medications, medicine for increased hair growth or extra male hormones, and even surgery.