STDs and Pregnancy Problems

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Sexually transmitted diseases can affect a person in any number of ways. Some STDs, such as Chlamydia, may have little or no symptoms, making those who suffer from the disease unaware that they even have it, often until after it begins to harm them in some way or another. Some STDs can affect pregnancy, even increasing the risk that a pregnant woman has of miscarriage.

It is not clear exactly how much having a certain STD will increase the risk of a woman having a miscarriage. What is certain is that, across the board, women who have STDs tend to have a higher rate of miscarriages. This is particularly true for STDs that cause verruca, or warts, on the cervix. Verucca on the cervix can weaken it and greatly interfere with your pregnancy. Syphilis is one STD that, in particular, is known to cause miscarriage.

Other risks that can come from STDs can include:

  • Damage to the reproductive organs
  • Infertility
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Death
  • Brain damage
  • Blindness
  • Organ damage
  • Cervical cancer

Obviously, STDs are not the only thing that will cause a higher rate of miscarriage. Some of the other things that cause higher risks of miscarriage include:

  • Chronic diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid problems. Kidney disease and lupus are also thought to contribute to higher miscarriage rates.
  • Temporary illness. Some of the most dangerous temporary illnesses in terms of miscarriage include rubella (also known as German measles), as well as bacterial vaginosis. If you have previously had rubella or if you have had an MMR shot, you are much less likely to have rubella that would lead to a miscarriage. Bacterial vaginosis often has no symptoms, but your physician can detect it with a test.
  • Chromosomal abnormalities. The majority of miscarriages are thought to be caused by chromosomal abnormalities. Unless you have had several miscarriages, you will likely not be tested for chromosomal abnormalities.
  • Lifestyle choices. Smoking, alcohol abuse, large caffeine intake, chemical exposure, radiation exposure, and stress may all contribute to miscarriage.

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